This year I am taking a course in astronomy at university. As my astronomy teacher is a theistic evolutionist I thought I would examine some proofs for a young earth; in order that I might come to a better understanding of the arguments for both sides and that I might share that understanding with my readers. As Augustine says in Epistle 7, “I profess to be one of those who, by profiting, write, and by writing profit.” To start with we will examine the days of Genesis 1. Many argue that these days are actually not literal days as we know them, but days that lasted millions of years. That is millions of years of God guided evolution. However, once one actually looks at the Bible it is quite clear that the Lord created the entire universe in a literal six days.
To start with, we should examine the definition of the word day in the Hebrew. The Hebrew word for day is yom and it has multiple meanings. It can mean a literal 24 hour day, the period of time in which it is light outside, or an indefinite period of time, whether short or long. However, in the context of Genesis 1 we know for certain that this means a literal 24 hour day. This is because, every time that yom is used with a number such as first, second, or third (as in “the evening and the morning were the first day” Genesis 1:5) it always means a literal day. One example of the use of yom with a number and meaning a literal day is in Leviticus 14:39, where the Levites are being instructed on how to deal with leprosy. “And the priest shall come again the seventh day, and shall look: and, behold, if the plague be spread in the walls of the house.” That is quite plainly a literal day. It always happens that whenever a number is used with yom a literal day is meant. Theistic evolutionists however make the one exception for Genesis 1 and that is inconsistent.
Further, each day is clearly defined as an actual day in Genesis 1. In Genesis 1:5, we read, “And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.” Each day is said to have an evening and a morning. A million years does not have an evening and a morning, but a twenty-four hour day does.
Also in Exodus 20:8 -11, when the Lord is giving the law to Israel, God says that he created the world in six days. “Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.” Here God is comparing the work week to the days of creation. As God worked six days so man must work six days and rest on the seventh
The idea of evolution also does not fit with the order of creation. God created plants on day three, however He did not create the sun until day four. If we are to say that each day is millions of years, how could the plants survive without the sunlight? It does not make sense unless the days are literal days.
Therefore, we must believe that the days of creation are true twenty-four hour days. It is a mistake and disbelief in the Word of God and His almighty power to say that they are millions of years long.